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Pillars of salat

The Ruling of As-Salah in Islam

The five daily prayers are obligatory, as stated in the Qur’an, the Sunnah, and the consensus of the scholars of Islam.

The Qur’an: Allah says: “And perform Salah and give As-Zakah and bow down along with those who bow down.” (Baqarah: 43).

The Sunnah: The Prophet ﷺ said “Islam is built upon five: Testifying that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah and that Muhammad ﷺ is His servant and messenger; establishing As-Salah; giving Az- Zakah; observing pilgrimage to the (holy) house and fasting Ramadhan.” [ Agreed upon.]

On the authority of Talhah ibn Ubaydullah, a man asked the Prophet ﷺ about Islam. The Prophet ﷺ said: “Five salawat (prayers) in the day and night.” The man asked, “Is there anything upon me apart from these?” The Prophet ﷺ said: “No, except if you wish to offer non-obligatory prayers (nawafil).” [ Agreed upon.]

The Consensus: The scholars of Islam, past and present, agree, based on evidence from the Qur’an and Sunnah, that the five daily prayers are obligatory.

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Allah عزوجل says in holy Quran: “indeed Salah has been made obligatory upon the Muslims at fix times.” This ayat of Holy Quran surah Nisa ayat 103 shows us the importance of salat time. There are fix Salah times for each prayer and Muslims offer their prayers within this Salah time.

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