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Purification in islam

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Types of Purification in islam

1-Inner Purification

It is the purification of the heart from polytheism, sins etc. It is not possible to attain purification when the filth of polytheism lingers in the heart. As pointed out by Allah I:”O you who believe, verily, the mushrikun (polytheists, pagans, idolaters, disbelievers in oneness of Allah and in the message of Muhammad) are najas (impure). So let them not come near the Al-Masjid Al-Haram (the holy masjid in Makkah) after this year; and if you fear poverty, Allah I will enrich you, if He wills, out of His bounty. Surely, Allah is All-knowing, All-wise.” ( Tawbah:28)

And the Prophet said: “Indeed the believer does not become impure.” [ agreed upon by Al-Bukhari and Muslim (This will be referred to as «agreed upon» in the remainder of the book).]

2-Physical Purification

It is the purification of the body from dirt and impurities. Physical purification entails two forms of purification:

1-Purification from Hadath (the state of ritual impurity)

Hadath is that which, when produced from or befalls a body, prevents a Muslim from acts of worship for which purification is a requisite, e.g. As-Salah (prayer), circumambulation of the Ka’abah etc. There are two types of Hadath:

Minor Hadath.. It is that which makes ablution imperative, like urine, defecation, passing wind and all other nullifiers of al-wudu’ (ablution). These will be listed later on in the text. Purification from these is achieved by performing al-wudu’. Allah I says: “O you who believe! When you intend to offer Salah (daily prayer), wash your faces and your hands (forearms) up to the elbows, rub (by passing wet hands over) your heads, and wash your feet up to the ankles. ” (Maidah:6)

Major Hadath .. It is that which makes ghusl (a purificatory bath) imperative, e.g. sexual relations, menstruation etc. Purification from this state is achieved by ghusl. Allah says: “If you are in a state of janabah (i.e. after sexual relations), purify yourselves (by bathing your whole body).” (Maidah:6)

If it is impossible to purify oneself through wudu or ghusl, then one purifies himself through Tayammum (a dry form of purification using soil, to be discussed in a later section).

 

2-Purification from Najasah (a physical impurity)

Removal of any physical impurity is obligatory, as Allah says: “And purify your garments” (Mudathir: 4).

And the Prophet said; “Most of the punishment in the grave is a result of the lack of cleaning (oneself from) urine” [ narrated by Ibn Majah.] and “When any of you comes to the masjid (mosque), he should be mindful of his sandals. If he sees filth or dirt on one (of them), he should wipe it (off) and then (he can) pray in them.” [ narrated by Abu Dawud.]

Purification from physical impurities entails:

1-purification of the place of prayer

2-purification of clothes

3-purification of the body

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    • By happy spirit
      purification in Islam
      1-Leftover water from a human being:
      It is reported “that the Prophet ﷺ used to drink from what A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) had drunk while she was menstruating, and he used to put his mouth on the place where she drank from.”[ narrated by Muslim.]
       
      2-Leftover water from a cat:
      The Prophet ﷺ said of the cat that drank from a container: “It (the cat) is not impure. It is merely one of your companions who frequently wanders amongst you.” [ narrated by At-Tirmidhi.]
       
      3-Leftover water from animals whose consumption is permissible, as well as mules, donkeys, carnivores, hunting birds and their likes.
      It is pure. This is because the basis of all things is purity when there is no evidence proving otherwise. It is well known that the Prophet ﷺ used to ride donkeys as did others during his time. This proves that donkeys are not impure.
      source: https://www.al-feqh.com/en/leftover-water
    • By happy spirit
      source: https://www.al-feqh.com/en/purification-of-water-in-islam
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